Academic integrity requires academic responsibilities to be approached in an honest, moral and ethical way. Schools, teachers, parents/carers and others who support students in their learning — including the QCAA — are responsible for promoting and maintaining academic integrity. The QCAA recognises that schools and their staff act with integrity and uphold high standards of professional conduct in adhering to the procedures and guidelines in this handbook.
Schools promote academic integrity when they:
- emphasise the importance of ethical academic conduct and scholarship
- develop school processes to support sound academic practice
- ensure teachers, students and parents/carers have a clear shared understanding of expectations for academic integrity
- implement programs to improve students’ academic skills
- explicitly teach the use of appropriate processes and materials in academic work, including an understanding of ownership of information, ideas and images
- communicate the consequences and implications of academic misconduct clearly throughout the school community.
When students genuinely demonstrate their learning, they achieve results based on their own work and effort. These results may lead to benefits such as lifelong learning, certification, employment, university entry or awards.
8.1.1 Responsibilities for promoting academic integrity
Schools are responsible for fostering a learning environment that encourages mutual trust and respect. In doing so, schools develop processes for teaching, learning and assessment and develop an assessment policy (see Section 8.4: Developing a school assessment policy).
- develop and regularly review school assessment policies and procedures ensuring alignment with QCAA policies
- ensure that assessment implementation maintains the integrity of assessment at all times and in all cases — including the use of flexible delivery options and AARA in situations affecting individual students, or development of comparable assessment
- consistently apply policies to develop academic integrity and minimise academic misconduct
- develop assessment that enables identification of individual work
- decide on a style of referencing to be used for student responses and explicitly teach this style of referencing to students
- model academic integrity, e.g. by practising appropriate research, referencing, and adherence to copyright laws as a school community
- communicate the school’s expectations for academic integrity and policies for academic misconduct clearly to students and parents/carers
- use QCAA-developed resources and school-developed programs to help students and teachers understand the importance of academic integrity.
8.1.2 Understanding academic misconduct
Academic misconduct incorporates a broad range of behaviours by which students inappropriately and falsely demonstrate their learning. Schools are responsible for managing school-based processes and consequences through a school-developed assessment policy when there is evidence of academic misconduct in internal assessment (see Section 8.4: Developing a school assessment policy). Schools should use proactive strategies to minimise opportunities for academic misconduct.
The types of misconduct and examples listed in the table below are not exhaustive.
|Type of misconduct||Examples|
|Cheating while under supervised conditions||
|Disclosing or receiving information about an assessment||
A student or other person:
A student arranges for another person to complete a response to an assessment in their place, e.g. impersonating the student in a performance or supervised assessment.
A student completes a response to an assessment in place of another student.
|Misconduct during a supervised assessment|
A student distracts and/or disrupts others in an assessment room.
|Plagiarism or lack of referencing|
A student completely or partially copies or alters another person’s work without attribution (another person’s work may include text, audio or audiovisual material, figures, tables, design, images, information or ideas).
Plagiarism also includes the use of a translator, including an online translator, as the work produced is not the work of the student.
A student duplicates work, or part of work, already submitted as a response to an assessment instrument in the same or any other subject.
|Significant contribution of help|
A student or other person arranges for, or allows, a tutor, parent/carer or any person in a supporting role to complete or contribute significantly to the response.
8.1.3 Promoting academic integrity
Schools and teachers can promote academic integrity by developing students’ skills and modelling appropriate academic practice.
Students are able to demonstrate what they know and can do by the due date when they understand:
- forward planning — understanding the components of a task and how long each component might take to complete
- time management — implementing a plan to achieve the assessment outcome, incorporating adjustments to this as needed. Allowing for unexpected events such as issues with technology or changes in personal circumstances
- note-taking and summarising — synthesising research or gathering information into a new idea or summary
- referencing — appropriately acknowledging the ideas, work or interpretation of others
- choosing appropriate examples — selecting appropriate quotes or examples to support an argument or communicate meaning
- drafting — engaging in drafting and activities to authenticate a response such as at checkpoints, preparing the final draft for formal feedback by editing and refining the response
- editing — refining their own work
- checking — self-assessing compliance with academic integrity guidelines before submitting responses.