ACARA conducted a Device effect study literature review and field trial (PDF, 3.4 MB) to ensure that NAPLAN can be equitably administered across all devices that meet the minimum technical requirements (that is, laptops, tablets, paper). The report concluded:
- NAPLAN Online is capable of being taken on a range of devices (laptops and tablets), with no overall device effect across content domains, item types and year levels
- an external keyboard is not necessary for successful interaction with online items when students are responding to tests on tablets (although external keyboards for tablets can still be used if a school preferred this approach)
- student familiarity with the device of administration is an important determinant of online readiness.
Results from this study informed the minimum technical specifications, which schools should refer to if they wish to check their current equipment, students’ BYO devices or plan to purchase new equipment for NAPLAN Online.