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Students explore the similarities and differences between Chinese and Australian commercial cultures. They gain awareness of the structure of Chinese enterprises and of business and commercial contexts and practices as they operate in Chinese-speaking countries.

Commercial correspondence will be an important focus for this area of study, together with the development of relevant practical and linguistic skills such as using communication systems in Chinese.

Unit: The Silk Road

There was an ancient trans-Asian trade route trade known as the Silk Road. This road’s starting point was the ancient Chinese capital of Chang'an, extending northwest to the east coast of the Mediterranean and eventually reaching Rome.

1. Zhang Qian and the Silk Road

The great Han dynasty explorer and diplomat Zhang Qian spent his lifetime opening up the Silk Road. This is Zhang Qian’s story.

Text: 《张骞与丝绸之路》语文A版第六册第八单元
Text: www.uq.edu.au/confucius/text-zhang-qian
Resources: www.uq.edu.au/confucius/zhang-qian

Alternative text 1: 《丝绸之路》  人教版课标本第十册第2课  鲁教版第八册第18课
Text: www.uq.edu.au/confucius/text-silk-road
Resources: www.uq.edu.au/confucius/silk-road

2. Su Wu herding sheep

Su Wu was a Han dynasty diplomat, sent to the far west. There he was asked to betray the dynasty, but he refused and was detained in great hardship at Lake Beihai, herding sheep for 19 years. He remained unyielding in the face of brutal force and came to be regarded as a model of loyalty to the dynasty.

Text: 《苏武牧羊》 小学语文A版10册第二十三课苏武牧羊
Text: www.uq.edu.au/confucius/text-su-wu
Resources: www.uq.edu.au/confucius/su-wu

Original text: 《苏武牧羊》原文和译文——选自《汉书·李广苏建传》 作者:班固
Text: www.lbx777.com/yw012/b_swmy/xgzs03.htm

Alternative text: 《苏武牧羊》  北师大版第十二册第6组  沪教版第八册第33课  长春版第十一册第1组
Text: www.lbx777.com/yw012/b_swmy/kewen.htm (A short poem)
Resources: www.lbx777.com/yw012/b_swmy/swmy.htm

3. Zheng He’s voyage

This article chronicles the history of Zheng He's voyages in the 1400s and describes the scale of the voyage, the crew, ships etc. In particular, it highlights the historical significance of Zheng He's voyages, which opened up maritime routes throughout Asia and the Western Pacific to the Middle East, India and Africa.

Text: 《郑和远航》 《中文》教材第八册第11课课文第100页
Text: www.uq.edu.au/confucius/text-zheng-hei
Resources: www.uq.edu.au/confucius/zheng-hei

4. An epic journey

The text is about Italian traveller Marco Polo's trip to China, starting with his yearning for China. At age 17 he embarked on the epic journey from Italy to China with his father, eventually writing the famous The Travels of Marco Polo. It was not easy for him to remain on the desired path. To realise his ideals, he had to overcome many difficulties, sometimes risking his life.

Text: 《漫长的旅行》 《中文》教材第八册第11课阅读课文第108页
Text: www.uq.edu.au/confucius/text-epic-journey
Resources: www.hwjyw.com/fj/jcxz/zwjxck/8/11.pdf

Alternative text (short video): 《马可波罗来华》 Marco Polo’s Travel in China
www.chinese.cn/culturecollection/article/2011-09/16/content_275172.htm

5. Xuangzang’s journey to the west

Xuangzang (c. 602–664 AD) was a Chinese Buddhist who travelled to India to study Buddhist scripture. The 17-year overland journey was full of adventure. Xuangzang successfully returned with many Buddhist texts, which he devoted the rest of his life to studying and translating.

Text: 《唐玄奘西行取经》 语文S版第九册第五单元第25课
Text: www.uq.edu.au/confucius/text-xuan-zang
Resources: www.uq.edu.au/confucius/xuan-zang

Alternative text (audio): 《玄奘西游》 Xuangzang’s Journey to the West
www.chinese.cn/culturecollection/article/2011-09/16/content_275175.htm

Link: This resource links to the Literature area of study, as the famous Chinese classic Journey to the West was based on Xuangzang’s journey. It also links to the Media Studies, unit Distinctively Chinese, item 4.

6. Dunhuang murals

Refer to The Arts area of study, unit Arts and Artists in China, item 2

7. The New Silk Road

The New Silk Road, also known as the Eurasian Land Bridge, describes rail routes with regular cargo trains from Chongqing to Duisburg, Germany and Chongqing to Antwerp, Belgium. These texts are both newspaper articles.

Text 1: 《新"丝绸之路"连通渝新欧 比利时货运专列发往重庆》
Text: http://cq.cqnews.net/html/2011-05/10/content_6295596.htm

Text 2: 《“渝新欧”国际联运大通道串起新“丝绸之路”》
Text: http://cq.focus.cn/news/2011-09-23/1498404.html

8. Here was a village (A poem on the Shenzhen miracle)

Refer to the Science, Technology and the Environment area of study, unit Change (the environmental wakeup call), item 6.

9. Death of Loulan

Refer to the Science, Technology and the Environment area of study, unit Change (the environmental wakeup call), item 1.

10. Zuogong willow

Refer to the Science, Technology and the Environment area of study, unit Change (the environmental wakeup call), item 3.

11.Lop Nur, the disappearing fairytale lake

Refer to the Science, Technology and the Environment area of study, unit Change (the environmental wakeup call), item 4.

12. Euphrates Poplar in the westerly wind

Refer to the Science, Technology and the Environment area of study, unit Change (the environmental wakeup call), item 10.


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Contact details

Email languages@qcaa.qld.edu.au or phone (07) 3864 0375.

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